“Where justice is denied, where poverty is enforced, where ignorance prevails, and where any one class is made to feel that society is an organized conspiracy to oppress, rob and degrade them, neither persons nor property will be safe” (Frederick Douglass). The Southern part of the United States, during the 1930s and 1940s, had been a somewhat controversial era conferring about the social classes that were present at that time. Dividing the nation into sections, people in each sections were treated differently. Some were positioned in aristocracy, while the others were considered as properties; treated in a directly opposite view. Just as it was, people were mainly divided into two social classes: the upper class and the lower class.

Regarded as the nobility of the Southern part of the United States, people in the upper class had been chosen to be given the preferences that the lower class did not receive, and were considered to be the predominator of them. Most of the upper class people were tended to be wealthy white plantation owners. They kept most of the land in the Southern part of the nation, chiefly for cotton farming, which was the main profitable ventures of the nation  (Wikipedia). People also tended to have the most slaves used as properties for their farming. These upper class nobility was the one who also kept in charge of the other social classes below them. They controlled their own property, slaves, who had to stay with them by the unequal treatment of slavery. Not only discriminating the lower class against themselves, people in the upper class also held privileges of treating people how they wanted (Relations of Class). This was how the lower class people were dominated by the upper class; they couldn’t change or adjust anything, they did not possess any power compared to the upper class people.


Being the hated, the lower class people were never able to possess their own rights nor freedom. The majority of the lower class in the Southern part of America were counted as slaves, or even called as properties of the upper class people. Peasantry took up the most part of the lower class in which the people tended to work as slaves, possessed by the wealthy white plantation owners (Social Class).  Most of them were African Americans who weren’t even counted as human beings. Mostly discriminated by race, the lower class was made up by the blacks who were in the state of poverty, where the upper class was consisted of the wealthy whites. Neither discrimination nor segregation was prohibited, which mostly made the African American slaves to live a hard life, causing to do all the strenuous works, living as a lower class citizen of the Southern United States.

1930s- The Great Depression and Racial Segregation07:24

1930s- The Great Depression and Racial Segregation

Split into primarily two parts; upper class and lower class, people in each class experienced two distinctive lives. While some were taking control of the other class, the leftover had to be controlled somehow by the class opposite of them. Not even giving the lower class their own rights and freedom, and the upper class standing in the position of gentry, the social classes were clearly divided into each sections, where people took their own part of lives.


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Accessed 18 Apr. 2017.

“1930 To 1950.” Social Class in America, Leahasilver, 11 July 2011, Accessed 16 Apr. 2017.

“1930s High Society.” PBS, Public Broadcasting Service, Accessed 16 Apr. 2017.

“Relations of Class in the Great Depression.” Class in the 1930's, American Studies Program

at the University of Virgina,

Accessed 16 Apr. 2017.

Reporter, Daily Mail. “Images That Changed America: Startling Pictures of Deep South

Farmers Living in Crippling Poverty That Helped Persuade the Wealthy Elite to Back Roosevelt's New Deal.” Daily Mail Online, Associated Newspapers, 8 July 2013, Accessed 16 Apr. 2017.

“Social Class in American History.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 6 Feb. 2017, Accessed 16 Apr. 2017.

“DIVISIONS.” Black & White, America in the 1920s, Primary Sources for Teachers,

America in Class, National Humanities Center, America in Class, Accessed 23 Apr. 2017.

“1930s: The Great Depression and Racial Segregation.” Youtube, Accessed 23 Apr. 2017.

Pages in category "Southern social classes"

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