It's all just fun and games to the white kids on the school bus, as they see the Logans and their friends splashed by mud day in and day out. They see the African-Americans as something less than human.(Mildred D. Taylor) Have you ever read about Roll of thunder, Hear my cry? The Roll of thunder, Hear my cry is a book about racism in America during Great Depression. The definition of segregation is the action or state of setting someone or something apart from other people or things or being set apart. During 1930s in Southern US, there were racism and segregation between black and whites.
Segregation started in the 1930s and went on until the 1960s. During this period black people didn’t treated as equally as white people. For example, Although 50% of the population of Southern America were black, but they had no rights to vote and marry with whites. Jim Crows Laws prohibited black people treated equally as white. In Jim Crows law, there were about 16 laws. T.R. Davidson who was black and lived during Jim Crows laws and enjoyed building airplane, he said he experienced lots of unequal treatment from white people. Like, “Hey, you’re not a white boy, now. You can understand that you’re just not going to fly any airplanes……”(T.R. Davidson) In addition colored people couldn’t use same things that white use. Schools, bathrooms, bus, etc.. Kirk Bready who experienced segregation , He said, on the first day in the compound room he went to “white” lunchroom then another worker came to him and said leave the room. From next day he went to “colored” area to eat lunch. Also according to book ‘White only”, there were sign of “white only” in bus and train, and “white only” public school threw their outdated books to the “colored schools.(Kirk Bready)
During this period, there were people who were related to segregation. For example, there was person of important official who supported segregation. George Wallace who was an American politician and the 45th Governor of Alabama, he said “segregation today… segregation tomorrow…. Segregation forever…”. Also there were Plessy v. Ferguson that mentioned ‘Separate but equal’. It was contradictory and still it couldn’t solve problem of segregation. However, there were some black people fought against segregation. In December 1955, Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white man on a segregated bus. After she was arrested, including members of the NAACP(the National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People), had boycott of Montgomery’s public transport system.
Segregation...not only harms one physically but injuries one spiritually..It scars the soul...It is a system which forever stares the segregated in the face, saying ‘You are less than…”You are not equal to…’(Martin Luther King). Segregation was unequal treatment to black. And it brought civil rights movement. Nowadays, there are still segregation in some country. We should not repeat this again.
Baker, Baker, Kevin. America: the Story of Us. New York, NY, A & E Television Networks, LLC, 2012.
“BBC - GCSE Bitesize: Why Was There so Much Racial Inequality in the USA between 1929 and 1945?” BBC News, BBC,
ml. Accessed 21 Apr. 2017.
“BBC - Higher Bitesize History - Race Relations between the Wars : Revision.” BBC News, BBC, www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/higher/history/usa/race/revision/1/. Accessed 21 Apr. 2017.
“The Decision - Separate Is Not Equal.” Smithsonian National Museum of American History Behring Center, americanhistory.si.edu/brown/history/5-decision/decision.html. Accessed 18 Apr. 2
Hart, Diane, and Bert Bower. History Alive!: the United States through Industrialism. Palo Alto, CA, Teachers' Curriculum Institute, 2011.
History.com Staff. “Montgomery Bus Boycott.” History.com, A&E Television Networks, 2010, www.history.com/topics/black-history/montgomery-bus-boycott. Accessed 20 Apr. 2017.
“A Lost Story of Segregated America From LIFE's First Black Photographer.” Time, Time, time.com/3664001/gordon-parks-fort-scott/?iid=sr-link1. Accessed 22 Apr. 2017.
“PBS.” PBS, Public Broadcasting Service, www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/narrative_davidson
.html. Accessed 20 Apr. 2017.
“The Promise of Freedom - Separate Is Not Equal.” Smithsonian National Museum of American History Behring Center, americanhistory.si.edu/brown/history/1-segregated/promise-of-freedom.html. Accessed 22 Apr. 2017.
Raines, Howell. “George Wallace, Segregation Symbol, Dies at 79.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 13 Sept. 1998, www.nytimes.com/1998/09/14/us/george-wallace-segregation-symbol-dies-at-79.html. Accessed 19 Apr. 2017.
“Segregated Water Fountains.” 1950. by Elliot Erwitt
Taylor, Mildred D., and Jacqueline Woodson. Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry. NY, NY, Puffin Books, 2016.
Pages in category "Segragation"
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