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"Historically the KKK used terrorism, both physical assault and murder, against groups or individuals whom they opposed”(Wikipedia). KKK which stands for Ku Klux Klan, or simply the Klan, was founded in 1866 and extended to the southern part of the United States by the 1870s. The KKK became the major movement for the southern portion of the U.S. during Reconstruction era. There were three distinct movements: 1st Klan (1865-1870s), 2nd Klan (1915-1944), and 3rd Klan (1946-present). The KKK terrorized the groups of blacks, Jews, and Catholics during the 1930s and 1940s. The KKK was formed due to the Civil War, causing huge impacts on the society, and even leaving marks of changes in the modern world.

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The KKK was formed due to the Civil War and led up to problems during the Reconstruction era. “It sought to overthrow the Republican state governments in the South during the Reconstruction Era, especially by using violence against African American leaders” (Wikipedia). KKK became the bridge to the white southern resistance against the republican party’s reconstruction era policies which were giving rights to the black by declaring basic civil right laws to the blacks. From this point on in U.S. history, slavery was abolished and there were multiple conflicts that arose, since most of the South opposed to the idea of abolishing slavery, the KKK was a group that created these protests. The KKK used different acts of violence such as murdering, hanging people, and burning people, to gain power and stop blacks from being in the same level of class as whites in social means. “The civil rights movement of the 1960s also saw a surge of Ku Klux Klan activity, including bombings of black schools andchurches and violence against black and white activists in the South” (history). Due to these violent actions of the KKK, the society got into trouble and was even more hurt. Segregation, discrimination, was the prominent factors that caused the rise of the KKK.

As a result of the violence and movements taken by the KKK, societies were getting harmed and began to split apart. “The Fifteenth Amendment to the Constitution granted African American men the right to vote by declaring that the ‘right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude’” (loc). 15th Amendment was passed after the KKK became more of a serious problem. KKK members thought that blacks shouldn’t be treated as equally as them and protested against the new Amendment by growing their movement more powerful. “After the conviction of the Klan leader, David C. Stephenson, for second-degree murder, and evidence of corruption by other members such as the governor of Indiana and the mayor of Indianapolis, membership fell to around 30,000. This trend continued during the Great Depression and the Second World War and in 1944 the organization was disbanded” (ocw.usu). In addition, this KKK’s trend of threatening and punishing people continued during other events in the past. The causes of the KKK made the effects twice as bigger.There is a saying that history repeats itself over and over again.

What Is The Ku Klux Klan?03:15

What Is The Ku Klux Klan?

Klux Klan also have repeated its history and affected other events and other group of people. Especially, the modern KKK has had the greatest influence on modern day society. Following World War II, the KKK’s population dropped to a point where it nearly vanished. However, its revival occurred half a century later, spreading a terror through people, mainly attacking African Americans. Ku Klux Klan influenced the modern society and was primarily made from a group of white Southerners who wanted to abolish slavery.

Sources:

America's Class Authors. “DIVISIONS.” Ku Klux Klan, America in the 1920s, Primary Sources for Teachers, America in Class, National Humanities Center, National Humanities Center, 2012, americainclass.org/sources/becomingmodern/divisions/text1/text1.htm. Accessed 23 Apr. 2017.

Avins, Alfred, comp. The Reconstruction Amendments' Debates: The Legislative History and Contemporary Debates in Congress on the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments. Richmond: Virginia Commission on Constitutional Government, 1967.

Banfield, Susan. The Fifteenth Amendment: African-American Men's Right to Vote. Springfield, N.J.: Enslow Publishers, 1998.

“Effects of the Klu Klux Klan.” Effects of the Klu Klux Klan — Free Online Course Materials - USU OpenCourseWare, Utah State University, ocw.usu.edu/English/introduction-to-writing-academic-prose/effects-of-the-klu-klux-klan.html. Accessed 23 Apr. 2017.

History.com Staff. “Ku Klux Klan.” History.com, A&E Television Networks, 2009, www.history.com/topics/ku-klux-klan. Accessed 16 Apr. 2017.

“KKK Founded.” History.com, A&E Television Networks, www.history.com/this-day-in-history/kkk-founded. Accessed 16 Apr. 2017.

“Klansmen Parade in Washington, D.C.” 1928.

“Ku Klux Klan.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 10 Apr. 2017, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ku_Klux_Klan. Accessed 10 Apr. 2017.

Now This, director. What Is The Ku Klux Klan? Now This, 18 May 2015, www.youtube.com/watch?v=1AzDeZ1cFic. Accessed 23 Apr. 2017.

Press, Associated. “The Ku Klux Klan Is Slowly Rising Again.” New York Post, 30 June 2016.

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